This article is an experts' report on the 8th International Congress
on Mathematical Education (ICME-8)---Sevilla (Spain), July 14--21, 1996.
A short historical survey is followed by a detailed review of this Congress.
The final part of the article is dedicated to some selected topics, concerning
the mathematics teaching and learning, which are, according to the authors'
view, the most important for further development:
increased interest in the teaching of mathematics in general education;
computerization of the educational process;
internationalisation of the didactic of teaching of mathematics;
education of teachers of mathematics;
curriculum and its improvement;
studies in humanistic sciences and the necessity of nonformal presentation